Postganglionic neuron

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 Postganglionic neurones are found in the autonomic nervous system after the ganglia, going to the effector [1]. Ganglia are a mass of nerve tissue exisiting outside the central nervous system (CNS) and are a structure containing a number of nerve cell bodies, linked via synapses [2]. These neurones recieve signals from the central nervous system, via the ganglion, and the action potential travels down the postganglionic neurone to the effector where a responce is produced.  

The main function of these peripheral ganglion is to connect the central nervous system to different parts of the body. Usually they are found near major organs in the upper body and are commonly situated near the brain [3]. They help with communication between the central nervous system and the major organs, with the postganglionic neurones relaying information from the CNS to the organs, initating an appropriate responce. 



References 

  1. postganglionic neurones https://www.boundless.com/physiology/textbooks/boundless-anatomy-and-physiology-textbook/autonomic-nervous-system-14/structure-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-141/postganglionic-neurons-745-11126/ [cited 4/12/16]
  2. ganglion http://www.dictionary.com/browse/ganglia [cited 4/12/16]
  3. Peripheral ganglia http://medicalterms.info/anatomy/Peripheral-Ganglia/ [cited 4/12/16]
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