Pre RNA World

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The&nbsp;RNA world&nbsp;hypothesis is based in the theory that&nbsp; RNA preceded [[DNA|DNA]] at an eary stage in the evolutionary history of life on Earth, the hypothesis predicts that self-replicating RNA molecules proliferated before the evolution of DNA and proteins. Although this is heavily supported by contemporary research however it is not without its flaws. These flaws surround the stability and creation of [[RNA|RNA]]. To solve these problems a 'Pre-RNA World' was introduced. The hypothesis suggests that before RNA there was a much simpler molecule that still had "both [[Catalysts|catalytic activity]] and information storage capabilities"&nbsp;<ref>Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts and Peter Walter (2008) Molecular Biology of the cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science p.402</ref>.<br><br>There is now strong evidence indicating that an RNA World did indeed exist on the early Earth. The smoking gun is seen in the structure of the contemporary [[Ribosome|ribosome.]] The active site for [[Peptide bond|peptide-bond]] formation lies deep within a central core of RNA, whereas proteins decorate the outside of this RNA core and insert narrow fingers into it. No [[Amino acid|amino acid side]] chain comes within 18 Å of the active site. Clearly, the [[Ribosome|ribosome]] is a [[Ribozyme|ribozyme]] and it is hard to avoid the conclusion that, as suggested by Crick, the primitive [[Ribosome|ribosome]] could have been made entirely of RNA.<ref>Robertson M, Joyce G. The Origins of the RNA World. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology [Internet]. 2010 [cited 3 December 2017];4(5):1-12. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3331698/</ref><br><br> Although it is widely accepted that RNA preceded DNA their is also a pre-RNA world theory in which simpler biomolecules would, through evolution, become what eventually became RNA.&nbsp;<ref>Klyce B. The RNA World and other origin-of-life theories. by Brig Klyce [Internet]. Panspermia.org. 2017 [cited 3 December 2017]. Available from: http://www.panspermia.org/rnaworld.htm</ref>  
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The&nbsp;RNA world&nbsp;hypothesis is based in the theory that&nbsp; RNA preceded [[DNA|DNA]] at an eary stage in the evolutionary history of life on Earth, the hypothesis predicts that self-replicating RNA molecules proliferated before the evolution of DNA and proteins. Although this is heavily supported by contemporary research however it is not without its flaws. These flaws surround the stability and creation of [[RNA|RNA]]. To solve these problems a 'Pre-RNA World' was introduced. The hypothesis suggests that before RNA there was a much simpler molecule that still had "both [[Catalysts|catalytic activity]] and information storage capabilities"&nbsp;<ref>Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts and Peter Walter (2008) Molecular Biology of the cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science p.402</ref>.<br><br>There is strong evidence indicating that an RNA World did preceed a DNA world. The structure i question can be observed in the contemporary [[Ribosome|ribosome.]] The active site for [[Peptide bond|peptide-bond]] formation lies deep within a central core of RNA, whereas proteins decorate the outside of this RNA core and insert narrow extensions into it. No [[Amino acid|amino acid side]] chain comes within 18 Å of the active site. As this is the case, the [[Ribosome|ribosome]]&nbsp;was identified as a [[Ribozyme|ribozyme]] and it was theorised that the primitive [[Ribosome|ribosome]] could have been made entirely of RNA.<ref>Robertson M, Joyce G. The Origins of the RNA World. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology [Internet]. 2010 [cited 3 December 2017];4(5):1-12. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3331698/</ref><br><br> Although it is widely accepted that RNA preceded DNA their is also a pre-RNA world theory in which simpler biomolecules would, through evolution, become what eventually became RNA.&nbsp;<ref>Klyce B. The RNA World and other origin-of-life theories. by Brig Klyce [Internet]. Panspermia.org. 2017 [cited 3 December 2017]. Available from: http://www.panspermia.org/rnaworld.htm</ref>  
  
 
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=== References  ===
  
 
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Revision as of 13:43, 3 December 2017

The RNA world hypothesis is based in the theory that  RNA preceded DNA at an eary stage in the evolutionary history of life on Earth, the hypothesis predicts that self-replicating RNA molecules proliferated before the evolution of DNA and proteins. Although this is heavily supported by contemporary research however it is not without its flaws. These flaws surround the stability and creation of RNA. To solve these problems a 'Pre-RNA World' was introduced. The hypothesis suggests that before RNA there was a much simpler molecule that still had "both catalytic activity and information storage capabilities" [1].

There is strong evidence indicating that an RNA World did preceed a DNA world. The structure i question can be observed in the contemporary ribosome. The active site for peptide-bond formation lies deep within a central core of RNA, whereas proteins decorate the outside of this RNA core and insert narrow extensions into it. No amino acid side chain comes within 18 Å of the active site. As this is the case, the ribosome was identified as a ribozyme and it was theorised that the primitive ribosome could have been made entirely of RNA.[2]

Although it is widely accepted that RNA preceded DNA their is also a pre-RNA world theory in which simpler biomolecules would, through evolution, become what eventually became RNA. [3]

References

  1. Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts and Peter Walter (2008) Molecular Biology of the cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science p.402
  2. Robertson M, Joyce G. The Origins of the RNA World. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology [Internet]. 2010 [cited 3 December 2017];4(5):1-12. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3331698/
  3. Klyce B. The RNA World and other origin-of-life theories. by Brig Klyce [Internet]. Panspermia.org. 2017 [cited 3 December 2017]. Available from: http://www.panspermia.org/rnaworld.htm
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