Rattus norvegicus

From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "'' Rattus norvegicus '' They are a commonly used model organism for studying different processes in humans, as they can mimic human diseases pretty well<ref>DNA Learni...")
 
 
(4 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''&nbsp;Rattus norvegicus ''
+
''Rattus norvegicus ''is a brown lab rat also known as the Norway rat.
  
They are a commonly used model organism&nbsp;for studying different processes in humans, as they can mimic human diseases pretty well<ref>DNA Learning Centre. Rat (Rattus norvegicus). [Cited 22/10/2018]. Available from: https://www.dnalc.org/view/1717-Rat-Rattus-norvegicus-.html</ref>.
+
They are a commonly used [[Model organism|model organism]] for studying different processes in humans, as they can mimic human diseases pretty well<ref>DNA Learning Centre. Rat (Rattus norvegicus). [Cited 22/10/2018]. Available from: https://www.dnalc.org/view/1717-Rat-Rattus-norvegicus-.html</ref>.  
  
It is also the first mammalian species that was utilised for sceintific reserach, hence is the the most extensively used model animal in research.
+
It is also the first mammalian species that was utilised for scientific research, hence is the most extensively used model animal in research.  
  
It is a conveneient model organism due to its smaller size, rapid life cycle, similarity to humans and they are relatively affordable. There are also a large number of mutants available and you can even manipulate the genome.
+
It is a convenient model organism due to its smaller size, rapid life cycle, similarity to humans and they are relatively affordable. There are also a large number of mutants available and you can even manipulate the [[Genome|genome]].  
  
They have been used for a vast array of research including aging, addiction, cancer, genomics, cardiovascular diseases and many more<ref>Genome Research. Functional Genomics and Rat Models. [Cited 22/10/18]; Available at: https://genome.cshlp.org/content/9/11/1013.full.html</ref>.
+
They have been used for a vast array of research including ageing, addiction, cancer, genomics, cardiovascular diseases and many more<ref>Genome Research. Functional Genomics and Rat Models. [Cited 22/10/18]; Available at: https://genome.cshlp.org/content/9/11/1013.full.html</ref>.  
  
=== References ===
+
The first known research done in ''Rattus norvegicus'' was in America in 1908 by Elmer McCollun Day<ref>Day, Harry G. (1974). "Elmer Verner McCollum". Biographical Memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). 45: 291. PMID 11615648</ref>, they originally used them for trials for basic nutrition. A further experiment took place the determine protein digestion by Thomas Burr Osbourne.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
=== References ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />

Latest revision as of 16:07, 24 October 2018

Rattus norvegicus is a brown lab rat also known as the Norway rat.

They are a commonly used model organism for studying different processes in humans, as they can mimic human diseases pretty well[1].

It is also the first mammalian species that was utilised for scientific research, hence is the most extensively used model animal in research.

It is a convenient model organism due to its smaller size, rapid life cycle, similarity to humans and they are relatively affordable. There are also a large number of mutants available and you can even manipulate the genome.

They have been used for a vast array of research including ageing, addiction, cancer, genomics, cardiovascular diseases and many more[2].

The first known research done in Rattus norvegicus was in America in 1908 by Elmer McCollun Day[3], they originally used them for trials for basic nutrition. A further experiment took place the determine protein digestion by Thomas Burr Osbourne. 

References

  1. DNA Learning Centre. Rat (Rattus norvegicus). [Cited 22/10/2018]. Available from: https://www.dnalc.org/view/1717-Rat-Rattus-norvegicus-.html
  2. Genome Research. Functional Genomics and Rat Models. [Cited 22/10/18]; Available at: https://genome.cshlp.org/content/9/11/1013.full.html
  3. Day, Harry G. (1974). "Elmer Verner McCollum". Biographical Memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). 45: 291. PMID 11615648
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox