Ribonucleic acid

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Ribonucleic acids (RNA) are a form of genetic material. There is much evidence, such as it's ability to self catalyse, to suggest that RNA was the first form of genetic material on earth, which is known as the [[RNA world hypothesis|RNA world hypothesis]]. However there has recently been some evidence that has come to light to suggest that RNA and [[DNA|DNA]] (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) appeared in a primitive form at the same time. RNA comes in many forms such as [[MRNA|mRNA]], [[TRNA|tRNA]] and [[RRNA|rRNA]]. It has a basic structure of the pentise sugar ribose, with a 5' [[Phosphate group|phosphate group]], a 2' and 3' [[Hydroxyl group|hydroxyl group]], and a 1' [[Nucleic acid|nucleic acid]]. The 2' hydroxyl group is one of the reasons for it's functional flexibility, this also means it is a less stable molecule than DNA, which is why it is not used as the main genetic molecule. 
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Ribonucleic acids (RNA) are a form of genetic material. There is much evidence, such as it's ability to self catalyse, to suggest that RNA was the first form of genetic material on earth, which is known as the [[RNA world hypothesis|RNA world hypothesis]]. However new evidence has come to light which suggests that RNA and [[DNA|DNA]] (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) appeared in a primitive form at the same time. RNA comes in many forms such as [[MRNA|mRNA]], [[TRNA|tRNA]] and [[RRNA|rRNA]]. It has a basic structure of the pentose sugar ribose, with a 5' [[Phosphate group|phosphate group]], a 2' and 3' [[Hydroxyl group|hydroxyl group]], and a 1' [[Nucleic acid|nucleic acid]]. The 2' hydroxyl group is one of the reasons for it's functional flexibility which makes it less stable molecule than DNA. Hence, it is not used as the main genetic molecule as it can be hydrolysed easily.
  
 
RNA undergoes [[Base pairing|base pairing]] in the same way as DNA, but substitutes [[Thymine|Thymine]] for [[Uricil|Uricil]].
 
RNA undergoes [[Base pairing|base pairing]] in the same way as DNA, but substitutes [[Thymine|Thymine]] for [[Uricil|Uricil]].

Latest revision as of 12:59, 22 October 2018

Ribonucleic acids (RNA) are a form of genetic material. There is much evidence, such as it's ability to self catalyse, to suggest that RNA was the first form of genetic material on earth, which is known as the RNA world hypothesis. However new evidence has come to light which suggests that RNA and DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) appeared in a primitive form at the same time. RNA comes in many forms such as mRNA, tRNA and rRNA. It has a basic structure of the pentose sugar ribose, with a 5' phosphate group, a 2' and 3' hydroxyl group, and a 1' nucleic acid. The 2' hydroxyl group is one of the reasons for it's functional flexibility which makes it less stable molecule than DNA. Hence, it is not used as the main genetic molecule as it can be hydrolysed easily.

RNA undergoes base pairing in the same way as DNA, but substitutes Thymine for Uricil.

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