Sugars

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Simple, [[Water|water]] soluble, [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrates]], for example [[Monosaccharides|monosaccharides]], [[Disaccharides|disaccharides]] and [[Oligosaccharides|oligosaccharides]], may loosly be referred to as 'sugars'. They contain either an [[Aldehyde|aldehyde]] of a [[Ketose|ketose]] group and also contain -[[OH group|OH groups]]. By changing the orientation of the -OH groups around the carbon atoms can change the type of sugar.&nbsp;Sugars have the emperical formula CH<sub>2</sub>O and usually containg between 3 and 8 [[Carbon|carbon]] [[Atom|atoms]]&nbsp;<ref name="Molecular Biology of the cell">Molecular Biology of the cell (Alberts et. al)</ref>.  
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Simple, [[Water|water]] soluble, [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrates]], for example [[Monosaccharides|monosaccharides]], [[Disaccharides|disaccharides]] and [[Oligosaccharides|oligosaccharides]], may loosly be referred to as 'sugars'. They contain either an [[Aldehyde|aldehyde]] of a [[Ketose|ketose]] group and also contain -[[OH group|OH groups]]. By changing the orientation of the -OH groups around the carbon atoms can change the type of sugar. Sugars have the emperical formula CH<sub>2</sub>O and usually containg between 3 and 8 [[Carbon|carbon]] [[Atom|atoms]]<ref name="Molecular Biology of the cell">Molecular Biology of the cell (Alberts et. al)</ref>.  
  
Sugar is a general term used for any mono and [[Disaccharide|disaccharides]]. (For example [[Dextrose|dextrose]] which is a [[Monosaccharide|monosaccharide]]). It is a [[Water|water]] soluble [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrate]]. The sugar [[Glucose|glucose]] is converted during the process of glycolysis into pyruvate.  
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Sugar is a general term used for any mono and [[Disaccharide|disaccharides]]. (For example [[Dextrose|dextrose]] which is a [[Monosaccharide|monosaccharide]]). It is a [[Water|water]] soluble [[Carbohydrate|carbohydrate]]. The sugar [[Glucose|glucose]] is converted during the process of [[glycolysis |glycolysis]] into [[pyruvate|pyruvate]].  
  
It is used as a store of energy within biological systems and can also be used as a sweetner and preservative <ref>http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Sugar</ref>  
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It is used as a store of energy within biological systems and can also be used as a sweetener and preservative<ref>http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Sugar</ref>.
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Latest revision as of 09:23, 8 December 2018

Simple, water soluble, carbohydrates, for example monosaccharides, disaccharides and oligosaccharides, may loosly be referred to as 'sugars'. They contain either an aldehyde of a ketose group and also contain -OH groups. By changing the orientation of the -OH groups around the carbon atoms can change the type of sugar. Sugars have the emperical formula CH2O and usually containg between 3 and 8 carbon atoms[1].

Sugar is a general term used for any mono and disaccharides. (For example dextrose which is a monosaccharide). It is a water soluble carbohydrate. The sugar glucose is converted during the process of glycolysis into pyruvate.

It is used as a store of energy within biological systems and can also be used as a sweetener and preservative[2].

References

  1. Molecular Biology of the cell (Alberts et. al)
  2. http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Sugar
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