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Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease, also known commonly as an 'STD'. There are two ways to get infected with the virus. The first way is through sexual interaction with someone who's already been infected. The second way is from an infected mother to an unborn baby, or upon giving birth. This type of transmission of the Syphilis virus is called congenital syphilis (CS)[1]. Treponema pallidum is the Bacteria which causes this[2]. Symptoms of syphilis can be categorised into four different stages (primary, secondary, latent and tertiary). Within the first two stages of symptoms is when the infection is most likely to be passed on. It is also during the first two stages that the virus spreads throughout the limbs, genitalia, and mouth. The third stage of the Syphilis virus can last up to several years, without showing any major symptoms in its host. In the last stage of the virus, the tertiary is where the heart and some neurological symptoms appear.


  1. 1. STD Facts - Congenital Syphilis [Internet]. 2017 [cited 5 December 2017]. Available from:
  2. 2013. Syphilis - NHS Choices. [online] Available at:
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