The Holliday Model of DNA cossover

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 Robin Holliday proposed in 1964, a model for the exchange of genetic material. His model and junction is drawn from knowledge gained from his observation of yeast.
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 Robin Holliday proposed in 1964, a model for the exchange of genetic material. His model and junction is drawn from knowledge gained from his observation of yeast.  
  
=== The Model ===
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=== The Model ===
  
1. Two homologous DNA duplexes line up (e.g.nonsister chromatids in meiosis).
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[[Image:Holliday_model.gif|The Holliday Model of DNA crossover]]1. Two homologous DNA duplexes line up (e.g.nonsister chromatids in meiosis).  
  
 
2.Cuts in one strand of both DNAs at the same position.
 
2.Cuts in one strand of both DNAs at the same position.
  
3.Cut strands cross and join homologous strands, forming the Holliday structure or junction.
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3.Cut strands cross and join homologous strands, forming the Holliday structure or junction.  
  
4.Heteroduplex forms by branch migration.
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4.Heteroduplex forms by branch migration.  
  
5.Resolution of the Holliday structure.
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5.Resolution of the Holliday structure.  
  
<strike></strike>6.Vertical cut results in crossover.
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<strike></strike>6.Vertical cut results in crossover.  
  
7.The horizontal cut does not lead to crossover.
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7.The horizontal cut does not lead to crossover.  
  
 
In both cases a heteroduplex region is produced which will eventually be corrected by mismatch repair - this may lead to gene conversion.
 
In both cases a heteroduplex region is produced which will eventually be corrected by mismatch repair - this may lead to gene conversion.

Revision as of 13:44, 10 January 2011

 Robin Holliday proposed in 1964, a model for the exchange of genetic material. His model and junction is drawn from knowledge gained from his observation of yeast.

The Model

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The Holliday Model of DNA crossover1. Two homologous DNA duplexes line up (e.g.nonsister chromatids in meiosis).

2.Cuts in one strand of both DNAs at the same position.

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html;charset=UTF-8"></meta>

3.Cut strands cross and join homologous strands, forming the Holliday structure or junction.

4.Heteroduplex forms by branch migration.

5.Resolution of the Holliday structure.

6.Vertical cut results in crossover.

7.The horizontal cut does not lead to crossover.

In both cases a heteroduplex region is produced which will eventually be corrected by mismatch repair - this may lead to gene conversion.

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