Thermus aquaticus

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(Created page with " Thermus aquaticus is a thermophilic bacterium that is isolated from thermal springs in Yellowstone National Park, California<ref name="1">Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) The...")
 
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&nbsp;Thermus aquaticus is a thermophilic bacterium that is isolated from thermal springs in Yellowstone National Park, California<ref name="1">Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97</ref>. Isolates of T. aquaticus are gram-negative nonsporulating nonmotile rods which frequently form long filaments at supraoptimal temperatures<ref name="1">Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97</ref>.This bacterium has revolutionised the [[PCR|PCR]]&nbsp;technique as from it, the enzyme [[Taq_polymerase|Taq polymerase]] has been harvested. Taq polymerase can withstand the high temperatures required to break the hydrogen bonds during PCR and will not denature.
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Thermus aquaticus is a thermophilic bacterium that is isolated from thermal springs in Yellowstone National Park, California<ref>Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97</ref>. Isolates of T. aquaticus are gram-negative nonsporulating nonmotile rods which frequently form long filaments at supraoptimal temperatures<ref>Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97</ref>.This bacterium has revolutionised the [[PCR|PCR]]&nbsp;technique as from it, the enzyme [[Taq polymerase|Taq polymerase]] has been harvested. Taq polymerase can withstand the high temperatures required to break the hydrogen bonds during PCR and will not denature.  
  
<ref name="1">Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97</ref>
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Revision as of 14:25, 12 November 2011

Thermus aquaticus is a thermophilic bacterium that is isolated from thermal springs in Yellowstone National Park, California[1]. Isolates of T. aquaticus are gram-negative nonsporulating nonmotile rods which frequently form long filaments at supraoptimal temperatures[2].This bacterium has revolutionised the PCR technique as from it, the enzyme Taq polymerase has been harvested. Taq polymerase can withstand the high temperatures required to break the hydrogen bonds during PCR and will not denature.


  1. Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97
  2. Brock TD, Freeze H. (1969 Apr) Thermus aquaticus gen. n. and sp. n., a nonsporulating extreme thermophile. J Bacteriol. 98(1):289-97

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