Titanium

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Titanium is a chemical element located in group 4 of the periodic table. It is a transition metal.

Properties and uses

Atomic mass 47.867
Melting point(absolute) 1941K
Boiling point(absolute) 3560K
Density(g cm-3) 4.5
No. of isotopes 18

[1]

Titanium is a very useful metal due to its hard strength, low density ratio and ductile features.

Because of this, it is commonly used mixed with other metals and non-metals (alloy) such as aluminium. Titanium is widely used by aerospace and marine engineering departments, it's resistance to corrosion means they are great for making aeroplanes and naval ships[2].

Titanium is also used in the medical field. It is non allergenic and not magnetic, making it useful for medical devices. Examples this is: 

- In joint replacement surgery 

- Dental implants

Production

Producing titanium is a difficult process, which is why it is expensive.

There are multiple procedures it goes through

1) The Kroll process - a four step procedure

2) ITP Armstrong process

3) FFC Cambridge process[3]

References

  1. Rsc.org. (2018). Titanium - Element information, properties and uses | Periodic Table. [online] Available at: http://www.rsc.org/periodic-table/element/22/titanium [Accessed 26 Oct. 2018].
  2. The Balance. (2018). Learn About the Properties, Characteristics and Uses of Titanium Metal. [online] Available at: https://www.thebalance.com/metal-profile-titanium-2340158 [Accessed 26 Oct. 2018].
  3. Lazonby, J. (2018). Titanium. [online] Essentialchemicalindustry.org. Available at: http://www.essentialchemicalindustry.org/metals/titanium.html [Accessed 26 Oct. 2018].
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