Trachea

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The trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a long, broad tube located in the body. It is a hollow pipe and functions to join the [[larynx|larynx]] with the bronchi of [[lungs|lungs]] to form an important part in the body's [[respiratory system|respiratory system]] as it gives air flow back and forth from the lungs'''<ref>Anatomy Of the trachea. http://www.innerbody.com/image_card06/card13.html#full-description</ref>'''. The extent of the trachea is from sixth cervicle vertebrae until the fifth thoracic vertebrae. At this level, the trachea branches out to form two bronchi for each lungs. Histologically, it is made up of hyaline cartilages (C shaped) and membranes comprising of the fibrous membrane and the mucous membrane . It is located in the superior mediastinum<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>.&nbsp;  
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The trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a long, broad tube located in the body. It is a hollow pipe and functions to join the [[Larynx|larynx]] with the bronchi of [[Lungs|lungs]] to form an important part in the body's [[Respiratory system|respiratory system]] as it gives air flow back and forth from the lungs'''<ref>Anatomy Of the trachea. http://www.innerbody.com/image_card06/card13.html#full-description</ref>'''. The extent of the trachea is from sixth cervicle vertebrae until the fifth thoracic vertebrae. At this level, the trachea branches out to form two bronchi for each lungs. Histologically, it is made up of hyaline cartilages (C shaped) and membranes comprising of the fibrous membrane and the mucous membrane . It is located in the superior mediastinum<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>.&nbsp;  
  
 
The trachea is related anteriorly by  
 
The trachea is related anteriorly by  
  
#isthmus of thyroid gland
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#isthmus of thyroid gland  
#inferior thyroid veins
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#inferior thyroid veins  
#thyroidea ima artery
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#thyroidea ima artery  
#sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscle
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#sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscle  
#cervical fascia
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#cervical fascia  
 
#anastomoses of anterior jugular veins
 
#anastomoses of anterior jugular veins
  
The trachea is related posteriorly by [[esophagus|esophagus]]. It is related laterally to the common [[carotid artery|carotid arteries]], lobes if [[Thyroid_gland|thyroid glands]], inferior thyroid arteries and recurrent nerves. The pleura and right vagus is in its right relations while the left recurrent nerve, aortic arch, left common carotid and subclavian arteries are related to its left<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>.&nbsp;  
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The trachea is related posteriorly by [[Oesophagus|esophagus]]. It is related laterally to the common [[Carotid artery|carotid arteries]], lobes if [[Thyroid gland|thyroid glands]], inferior thyroid arteries and recurrent nerves. The pleura and right vagus is in its right relations while the left recurrent nerve, aortic arch, left common carotid and subclavian arteries are related to its left<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>.&nbsp;  
  
 
The arterial supply is by inferior thyroid arteries. Venous drainage is in the thryoid venous plexus. The vagus nerve and recurrent nerves are its nervous supply<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>  
 
The arterial supply is by inferior thyroid arteries. Venous drainage is in the thryoid venous plexus. The vagus nerve and recurrent nerves are its nervous supply<ref>Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html</ref>  

Revision as of 20:32, 4 December 2016

The trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a long, broad tube located in the body. It is a hollow pipe and functions to join the larynx with the bronchi of lungs to form an important part in the body's respiratory system as it gives air flow back and forth from the lungs[1]. The extent of the trachea is from sixth cervicle vertebrae until the fifth thoracic vertebrae. At this level, the trachea branches out to form two bronchi for each lungs. Histologically, it is made up of hyaline cartilages (C shaped) and membranes comprising of the fibrous membrane and the mucous membrane . It is located in the superior mediastinum[2]

The trachea is related anteriorly by

  1. isthmus of thyroid gland
  2. inferior thyroid veins
  3. thyroidea ima artery
  4. sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscle
  5. cervical fascia
  6. anastomoses of anterior jugular veins

The trachea is related posteriorly by esophagus. It is related laterally to the common carotid arteries, lobes if thyroid glands, inferior thyroid arteries and recurrent nerves. The pleura and right vagus is in its right relations while the left recurrent nerve, aortic arch, left common carotid and subclavian arteries are related to its left[3]

The arterial supply is by inferior thyroid arteries. Venous drainage is in the thryoid venous plexus. The vagus nerve and recurrent nerves are its nervous supply[4]

References

  1. Anatomy Of the trachea. http://www.innerbody.com/image_card06/card13.html#full-description
  2. Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html
  3. Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html
  4. Reference to trachea. Anatomy of the human body, by Henry Gray. http://www.bartleby.com/107/237.html
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