Uniport carrier

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A uniport carrier is a membrane transport protein that moves only one kind of [[molecule|molecule]].
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A uniport carrier is a membrane transport protein that moves only one kind of [[Molecule|molecule]]. It does not generally require energy as it follows the concentration gradient of the molecule in question. 
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== Examples ==
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An example of a uniporter is the [[Glucose_transporter|glucose transporter]] (GLUT) in found in [[Erythrocyte|erythrocytes]] (reffered to as [[GLUT1|GLUT1]] to separate from other mamalian glucose transporters). This allows glucose to enter the cell via [[Facilitated_diffusion|facilitated diffusion]] and it does so at approximately 50,000 times the rate that it would via [[Simple_diffusion|simple diffusion]]. This process is not active (meaning it does not require an energy input). Once inside the cell the glucose is quickly [[Phosphorylation|phosphorylated]] to glucose-6-phosphate by the [[Enzyme|enzyme]], hexokinase, to prevent it from diffusing out. This is also the first step in [[Glycolysis|glycolysis]]. 
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== See Also ==
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[[Symporter|Symporter]]
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[[Antiporter|Antiporter]]
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== Refferences ==
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Becker's World of the Cell, Eighth Edition (J. Hardin, G.Bertoni, L.J. Kleinsmith) 2012  San Fransisco:Pearson
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Molecular Biology of the Cell, Fifth Edition (B. Alberts, A.Johnson, J.Lewis, M.Raff, K.Roberts, P.Walter) 2008  New York:Garland Science

Revision as of 23:46, 27 November 2014

A uniport carrier is a membrane transport protein that moves only one kind of molecule. It does not generally require energy as it follows the concentration gradient of the molecule in question. 

Examples

An example of a uniporter is the glucose transporter (GLUT) in found in erythrocytes (reffered to as GLUT1 to separate from other mamalian glucose transporters). This allows glucose to enter the cell via facilitated diffusion and it does so at approximately 50,000 times the rate that it would via simple diffusion. This process is not active (meaning it does not require an energy input). Once inside the cell the glucose is quickly phosphorylated to glucose-6-phosphate by the enzyme, hexokinase, to prevent it from diffusing out. This is also the first step in glycolysis


See Also

Symporter

Antiporter


Refferences

Becker's World of the Cell, Eighth Edition (J. Hardin, G.Bertoni, L.J. Kleinsmith) 2012  San Fransisco:Pearson

Molecular Biology of the Cell, Fifth Edition (B. Alberts, A.Johnson, J.Lewis, M.Raff, K.Roberts, P.Walter) 2008  New York:Garland Science

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