Yeast

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Yeast is a [[Eukaryotes|eukaryotic]], unicellular&nbsp;[[Organism|organism]] and belongs to the kingdom of [[Fungi|fungi]]. Saccharomyces cerevisae (or Baker's yeast) is a common form of yeast often used as a&nbsp;[[Model organism|model organism]] due to it's [[Eukaryotic|eukaryotic]] processes, similar to those of animal [[Cell|cells]]&nbsp;<ref>Alberts et al. (2008:33-34), Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science</ref>. This species of yeast replicates by budding. Parent cells in cerevisae can be differentiated by&nbsp;scars formed from budding.&nbsp;The other species;&nbsp;''[[Schizosaccharomyces pombe|Schizosaccharomyces pombe]]'' (fission yeast)&nbsp;replicates by elongation then splitting. Breakthroughs in&nbsp;science involve using this [[Model organism|model organism]]&nbsp;to study the checkpoint chemicals used to control&nbsp;the [[Cell_cycle|cell&nbsp;cycle]] which is&nbsp;a major discovery in cancer chemistry.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
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Yeast is a [[Eukaryotes|eukaryotic]], unicellular&nbsp;[[Organism|organism]] and belongs to the kingdom of [[Fungi|fungi]]. Saccharomyces cerevisae (or Baker's yeast) is a common form of yeast often used as a&nbsp;[[Model organism|model organism]] due to it's [[Eukaryotic|eukaryotic]] processes, similar to those of animal [[Cell|cells]]&nbsp;<ref>Alberts et al. (2008:33-34), Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science</ref>. This species of yeast replicates by budding. Parent cells in cerevisae can be differentiated by&nbsp;scars formed from budding.&nbsp;The other species;&nbsp;''[[Schizosaccharomyces pombe|Schizosaccharomyces pombe]]'' (fission yeast)&nbsp;replicates by elongation then splitting. S. pombe is used in the&nbsp;production of african beer.&nbsp;Breakthroughs in&nbsp;science involve using this [[Model organism|model organism]]&nbsp;to study the checkpoint chemicals used to control&nbsp;the [[Cell cycle|cell&nbsp;cycle]] which is&nbsp;a major discovery in cancer chemistry.&nbsp;&nbsp;  
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===
  
 
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Revision as of 16:11, 2 December 2011

Yeast is a eukaryotic, unicellular organism and belongs to the kingdom of fungi. Saccharomyces cerevisae (or Baker's yeast) is a common form of yeast often used as a model organism due to it's eukaryotic processes, similar to those of animal cells [1]. This species of yeast replicates by budding. Parent cells in cerevisae can be differentiated by scars formed from budding. The other species; Schizosaccharomyces pombe (fission yeast) replicates by elongation then splitting. S. pombe is used in the production of african beer. Breakthroughs in science involve using this model organism to study the checkpoint chemicals used to control the cell cycle which is a major discovery in cancer chemistry.  

References

  1. Alberts et al. (2008:33-34), Molecular Biology of the Cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science
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