Consonants (pulmonic)

p (voiced bilabial plosive)

Lips come together then apart for the vowel. Remember this is unaspirated, try spark with a silent /s/.

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
p b     t d   ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ   ʔ  
  m   ɱ     n     ɳ   ɲ   ŋ   ɴ    
  ʙ       r           ʀ    
Tap or Flap
        ɾ     ɽ          
ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
Lateral fricative
      ɬ ɮ              
    ʋ     ɹ     ɻ   j   ɰ      
Lateral approximant
        l     ɭ   ʎ   ʟ      


Click the symbols in the chart to load videos of its production by both a male and female speaker. Its label and tips about how to produce it will also load. Play a video by clicking anywhere in the video screen area. Due to the inconsistent display of IPA symbols online, it is advisable to have a printed copy of the charts to hand when using these resources.