Cytokines are chemical messengers used in many processes in the body. They are particularly useful in the immune system as they promote growth, differentiation and antibody secretion when they bind to antigen-presenting cells via receptors. They are recognised by specific cytokine-receptors, that only bind complementary cytokines.
- ↑ Berg J, Stryer L, Tymoczko J. (2011) Biochemistry, 7th Edition. International Edition, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Chapter 34, page 1038.
- ↑ Alberts, B.A. and Johnson, A.J. and Lewis, J.L. and Raff, M.R. and Roberts, K.R. and Walter, P.W. 2008. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 5th ed. New York: Garland Science.