Diploid

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Containing a double genome (two sets of homologous chromosomes and hence two copies of each gene or genetic locus)[1].

Most complex species are diploid organisms because having multiple copies of each gene allele allows for less chance of a disease causing mistake in the genome.

References

  1. Bruce Alberts, Alexander Johnson, Julian Lewis, Martin Raff, Keith Roberts, Peter Walter (2008) Molecular Biology of THE CELL. 5th ed. United States of America, Garland Science.

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