Endothelial cells are cells which line lumen inside of the body, for example all blood vessels and the lymphatic system. They control the passage of materials and white blood cells into and out of the blood stream.
Endothelial cells are able to adapt and arrange themselves to suit local requirements. They extend to nearly every region of the body by cell migration, thus allowing to both extend and remodel the blood vessel network. It is because of endothelial cells that tissue growth and repair is possible. Endothelial Cells in disease === Cardiovascular disease is caused by damage to endothelial cells in blood vessels, which leads to the growth of atherosclerotic plaques and the production of thrombi
See also: Epithelial cells
- ↑ Alberts et al. (2008) Molecular biology of the cell, 5th edition, New York: Garland Science.