Glycosyltransferases

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Glycosyltransferases form glycosidic bonds between a carbohydrate chain and a protein, by glycosylation, often a membrane protein in order to form the glycocalyx. The type of glycosyltransferase that is coded for in a cell determines the structure of the glycocalyx and therefore the type of antigens which are presented on the outside of the cell[1]. An example of this is Blood types.

References 

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1921/
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