Hydrolysis

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Hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a bond is cleaved by the addition of a water molecule (H2O). Hyrdolysis reactions break large polymers down into smaller molecules e.g. hydrolysis of a peptide bond. One fragment of the polymer gains a hydrogen ion (H+) from the water molecule, whilst the other fragment gains a hydroxyl group (OH-) from the water molecule [1][2].

References

  1. Berg J, Stryer L and Tymoczko J, (2006) Biochemistry, 6th edition, New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
  2. Berg J, Stryer L and Tymoczko J, (2006) Biochemistry, 6th edition, New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

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