Hypertrophy

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Hypertrophy is caused by a stimulus which results in a tissue or organ expanding, due to an increase in cell size rather than cell growth. There are two types of hypertrophy, one in response to normal stimuli, such as a response to increased physical work leading to enlarged skeletal muscle, and one in response to abnormal stimuli called pathological hypertension, where for example cardiac muscle can expand due to hypertension [1].

References

  1. The moral rights of the authors have been asserted, 2015, Oxford Concise Medical Dictionary, 9th edition, New York, Oxford University press.
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