Ileum

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The ileum is one of 3 parts of the small intestine[1]; the final and longest part that transitions into the large intestine[2]. Movement through the intestines is controlled by peristaltic contractions, however since the inner walls of the ileum are relatively thin, movement through this part of this intestine is significantly slower[3], aiding absorption of bile salts and B12 which is the ileums main function.

Diseases effecting the ileum, such as Crohn's disease, can lead to deficiencies in B12 and cause diarrhoea[4].

ReferenceS

  1. https://www.kenhub.com/en/library/anatomy/the-ileum
  2. https://www.britannica.com/science/ileum
  3. https://www.britannica.com/science/ileum
  4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2914216/
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