Nuclear fission

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Nuclear fission is where the nucleus of an atom is split in two. This is done by the addition of a neutron to the nucleus which initiates nuclear fission. Neutrons are released during nuclear fission and produce a chain reaction causing the nuclear fission of more atoms. This reaction is used in nuclear power as it is very exothermic and subsequently releases a lot of heat energy which can be used to produce steam[1].

References 

  1. https://www.boundless.com/chemistry/textbooks/boundless-chemistry-textbook/nuclear-chemistry-19/nuclear-fission-137/nuclear-fission-543-6847/
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