Reciprocal cross

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DefintionA reciprocal cross involves reversing whether the male or female organism involved in the cross, has a set of specific characteristics or traits. Therefore 2 crosses can be produced- one in which the female carries one characteristic and the male another. Another cross whereby these are reversed so that the male now possess the former "female" characteristic and vice versa. [1]

Reciprocal crosses can be used to investigate patterns of inheritance. They are also used to observe if and how this reversal of characteristics between sexes influences the genotypes and phenotypes of potential offspring. 

Mendel wrote that" The outcome of a genetic cross does not depend on which trait is present in the male and which is present in the female; reciprocal crosses yield the same result" [2]

References

  1. (Daniel L. Hartl and Maryellen Ruvolo (2012) Genetics: Analysis of Genes and Genomes, Eight Edition: 83. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning)
  2. (Daniel L. Hartl and Maryellen Ruvolo (2012) Genetics: Analysis of Genes and Genomes, Eight Edition: 83. Burlington, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Learning)

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