Saturated hydrocarbon

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A hydrocarbon is a type of organic molecule that consists only of carbon and hydrogen atoms covalently bonded together. A saturated hydrocarbon is one that contains only single carbon carbon bonds (C-C), and no carbon-carbon double bonds (C=C), or Triple bonds (C≡C)[1]. The lack of (C=C) bonds means no more hydrogen atoms may be added to the carbon chain, thus the hydrocarbon is saturated[2]. Saturated hydrocarbons are commonly known as alkanes, with the general formula Cn H2n+2[3]. Cycloalkanes with the general formula Cn H2n are also saturated hydrocarbons[4]. If a hydrocarbon contains one or more (C=C) bonds, then it becomes an unsaturated hydrocarbon. Monounsaturated hydrocarbons contain a single (C=C) bond, whereas polyunsaturated hydrocarbons contain more than one (C=C) bond.

References

  1. http://www.chem.latech.edu/~deddy/chem121/Alkanes.htm
  2. https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Physical-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/3.33/
  3. https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Physical-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/3.33/
  4. https://www.ck12.org/book/CK-12-Physical-Science-Concepts-For-Middle-School/section/3.33/
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