From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki
Glucose is a monosaccharide
with the chemical formula of C6
. It is involved in many biological processes including glycolysis
involves the conversion of glucose
, to pyruvate
. This process is fundamental to respiration
. Glucose can form a glycosidic bond
with another glucose to form a disaccharide
through a condensation reaction. Glucose monomers can be joined by α-1,4- glycosidic bond
to form a polysaccharide molecule known as starch
In open chain glucose Carbon 1 (the carbonyl carbon) is not chirally active. However in the ring structure, it becomes asymmetric, allowing it to form two ring structures: α-D-glucopyranose and β-D-glucopyranose.
Image taken from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22547/
The main family of transporters are known as the GLUT family with 5 known variants all with different properties and found in different tissues.
- ↑ Berg J., Tymoczko J and Stryer L. (2012) Biochemistry, 7th edition, New York: WH Freeman. pg 333
- ↑ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK22547/