Glycerine (also known as Glycerol or Glycerin) is a colourless, viscous, odourless fluid that is mainly used in pharmaceutical companies. Due to its sweet taste and low toxicity, it is ideal for cough syrups and other medicines.
Its molecular formula is CH2(OH)CH(OH)CH2OH
It is also produced as a by-product in biodiesel production.
Glycerol is one of the 3 main carbon sources in the body for gluconeogenesis. The glycerol is released from the adipose stores of triacylglycerol and phosphorylated into glycerol-3-P. Glycerol-3-P is then converted to dihydroxyacetone-P, which then produces glucose.
- ↑ Marks, L., Marks' Basic Medical Biochemistry A Clinical Approach, 4th Edition, page 562.