Organelles

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Organelles are separate compartments in eukaryotic cells that contain different enzymes and molecules and have specific roles in maintaining cell structure and function[1]. Each organelle has its own membrane in the form of a lipid bilayer, this allows compartmentalisation and segregation of different chemical activities. Different organelles can be separated by centrifugation due to their varying densities.

Eukaryotic Organelles and their Functions:

Prokaryotic Organelles and their Functions:

References

  1. Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Walter P. 2008. Molecular Biology of the Cell. 5th Edition. p695. Garland Science, New York
  2. Becker's World of the Cell Hardin, J. et al. (2012) Becker's World of the Cell. 8th ed. San Francisco: Pearson, p.253.
  3. Becker's World of the Cell Hardin, J. et al. (2012) Becker's World of the Cell. 8th ed. San Francisco: Pearson, p.422.
  4. Available: http://quizlet.com/14315658/function-of-organelles-in-both-prokaryotic-and-eukaryotic-cells-flash-cards/. Last accessed 25/11/14
  5. http://www.ivyroses.com/Biology/Cells/Prokaryotic-Cell-Structure.php
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