Pentose

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Pentose is a five-carbon simple carbohydrate (monosaccharide)[1]. An example of a pentose sugar would be ribose in RNA and deoxyribose in DNA.

There are 2 types of pentoses; ketopentoses and aldopentoses. Ketopentoses have a ketone functional group located at position 2 or 3 of the pentose ring. Aldopentoses have an aldehyde functional group located at position 1 of the pentose ring[2].

References

  1. Breg J M., Tymoczko J L and Stryer L., (2011) Biochemistry, New York: W. H. Freemand and Company
  2. Oshitna, K., and Tollens, B., Ueber Spectral-reactionen des Methylfurfurols. Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges. 34, 1425 (1901)
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