T lymphocyte

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T lymphocytes (also known as T-cells) are a vital component in the immune response in the body. Their name derives from their site of origin - the thymus. T-cells have receptor proteins on their cell surface membranes, these allow them to identify specific antigens displayed by other cells, e.g. phagocytes.

There are two types of T lymphocytes: helper T-cells and cytotoxic T-cells. The role of the helper T-cells is to assist other immune system cells, whilst the cytotoxic T-cells destroy cells which have been infected, e.g. by a virus or a tumour[1][2].

References

  1. https://www.immunology.org/public-information/bitesized-immunology/cells/helper-and-cytotoxic-t-cells
  2. https://www.immunology.org/public-information/bitesized-immunology/cells/helper-and-cytotoxic-t-cells

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