Succinate is a four carbon compound and is involved in the citric acid cycle which takes place in the mitochondria as part of aerobic respiration. Succinate is formed by succinyl coenzyme A, water, GDP and an inorganic phosphate group with the help of the enzyme succinyl coenzyme A synthetase. Succinate goes on to produce fumarate using succinate dehydrogenase where FAD assists and accepts hydrogens to become FADH2.
- ↑ Alberts et al. Molecular biology of the cell. (5th ed).